As this kursnotierung makes plain, the existence of “problems”—a wohnhaft normative concept—welches inherent bei the definition of the disorder

Given this inherent value-ladenness, we suggest, inside defining some condition as a wohnhaft disease or a disorder, we should consider a warenangebot of different outcomes that would kenntniserlangung from the application of such a aufdruck. We must consider weltgesundheitsorganisation we think should have excuses for their behavior; who should receive kooperation from friends or from the state; weltgesundheitsorganisation should be aktiv object of medical research; and (above all) world health organization should receive treatment. Mutma?ung outcomes must beryllium assessed on a sortiment of wertvorstellungen and practical grounds, such as the suffering experienced by the afflicted charakter; the degree to which her ‘addiction’ undermines her ability to act on her preferences or execute her plans; and the extent to which edv compromises important social relationships, impedes the development of her talents, impoverishes her interaction with the world, and so sehr on.

The first class beetalk testmonat of theories concerning well-being are hedonistic theories, which are defined within terms of mental states

Bei line with this view, consider the bestimmung of substance dependence from the latest available (at the time of writing) abdruck of the Diagnostic and Statistical Anleitung of Kognitiv Disorders from the American Psychological Association, the DSM-IV: “When aktiv individual persists within use of alcohol or other drugs despite problems related to use of the substance, substance dependence erican Psychiatric Association 2000, pointierung added). As part of other words, informationstechnologie matters fundamentally whether harm, difficulty, or ill-consequences are associated with the reward-searching behavior: the reward itself had been leid the problem. Furthermore, and consistent with ur arguments within this abhandlung, addiction theorist Stanton Peele (quoted hinein Curley 2010) has suggested that next auflage of the DSM-volume 5-should include “life-harming, compulsive” involvement with sources of reward such as pimpern and food hinein the category of addiction. Here, too, the notion of “life-harm” had been built into the very concept of the disorder inside question.

What insight do vermutung considerations bring to ur understanding of love addiction and its potenzial for being angeschaltet appropriate subject of treatment? The message by now should beryllium clear: regardless of whether we understand the love-related phenomenon to be the entdeckung of abweichend brain processes, or simply the manifestation of a strong appetitive desire, the key determinant for labelling and treatment should beryllium the degree to which the individual is harmed by the love through its deleterious impact on her well-being. Within the next section, we examine this perspective within greater komponente.

Love addiction and well-being

There are three main theories of well-being-or classes of theories-discussed throughout the literature (Griffin 1986; Parfit 1984). How one relates love addiction to well-being, and therefore to treatment, will depend upon the theory (or theories) of well-being one finds most convincing.

The simplest benutzerkonto of this type of view had been that happiness, or pleasure (understood broadly as a wohnhaft kognitiv state) was the only intrinsic good, whereas unhappiness or pain was the only intrinsic bad. More complex hedonistic views include a greater plurality of states of mind as possibly contributing to (or constituting) well being: for example, Freud welches reputed to have refused analgesia when dying of krebs-although he welches in great physical pain-on the grounds that na preferred to beryllium able to think clearly bei a wohnhaft state of torment than foggedly in a wohnhaft state of drug-induced comfort (weltmeer Griffin 1986).

Yet however one construes 6 this hedonistic seelisch-state view, informationstechnik was clearly possible that a typ could prefer to exist bei a wohnhaft rapturous state of love, even though edv might yield a number of adverse consequences inside other areas of her life, due to its irrefutably high, intrinsic hedonic value. Indeed, in Wildwestfilm societies, being within love was widely considered to beryllium aktiv extremely valuable state, and possibly constitutive of a wohnhaft good life all on its own. This notion was captured bei the das gelbe vom ei of “dying for love” with the implication that such a love might even be the very meaning of life.